Science has advanced. The studies of flora and fauna were conducted in the Ashaninka Reserve, located in Peru. It allowed collecting a great amount of data and making surprising discoveries. This reserve covers a huge area in the Amazonian Selva. Ashaninka (Satipo, Junin) is a unique place; it is home for more than 192 Indian communities. The unique nature of this place gave rise to many species, subspecies, completely new to the science of invertebrates, many of which were discovered by our research groups. All these data were presented in a report at the Congress on Scientific Research in the Reserve’s area in Lima. The information is presented properly, with colourful photos, illustrations, descriptions, and characteristics of new species.